Mini Aquascape, Know These 5 Things Before Owning It!


If you want to give a natural impression to the interior of the house, you can add a mini aquascape in one corner. Not only a large aquascape, now you can have a mini aquascape that can be installed in the living room, family room, or bedroom.

Interested in owning a mini aquascape but still not familiar with it? Know the 5 basic things you need to pay attention to before owning a mini aquascape!

What is an aquascape?

Simply put, aquascape is an attempt to decorate an aquarium so that it looks like a garden. This effort is done by building a landscape in it, complete with sand, rocks, wood, various living plants, moss, mini aquascape bonsai, and other landscape elements. Fish can also be added, but the focus is the landscape.


Aquascape type

In general, there are four types of aquascapes: jungle style, nature aquarium, Dutch style, and iwagumi style.

As the name suggests, the jungle style type makes the aquarium look like a wild forest and doesn't seem to have a clear structure or landscape design. If you want a mini aquascape that requires minimal maintenance or trimming, this jungle type can be chosen.

The nature aquarium type tries to 'take pictures' of natural scenery in detail. This type of mini aquascape is the most complex type of aquascape so it will provide a high challenge.

Meanwhile, the Dutch style type emphasizes the variety of plants and their arrangement in the aquascape, without incorporating hardscape elements such as wood or rock.

The iwagumi type is a type of Japanese minimalist style, characterized by the use of minimalist materials and 3 mini aquascapes of the main stone as an attention grabber. This last type is also known as Zen style. If you want a type that has a mini rock aquascape or a mini bonsai aquascape, you need to choose this Zen type.


Aquascape basic materials

To make a mini aquascape, you need to choose the right size aquarium. As a first step, choose an aquarium measuring 30x20x20 cm which is still spacious enough to experiment with, but also not too big in size.

In terms of decoration, aquascape decoration can be divided into two, namely hardscape and softscape. Hardscape is a natural element that is hard, such as wood, sand, gravel, or a mini stone aquascape. Meanwhile, softscape is a soft element, represented by various water plants, such as a mini aquascape bonsai.

In order to stay in top condition, mini aquascapes require a support system in the form of a substrate, a filtration system, and a lighting system.

Substrate is a medium for plants to grow. Substrates that are often used for aquascapes are soil (soil), sand, wood, and rock. Soil substrate is good for plant growth and safe for fish, but can be quite expensive. Examples of soil for aquascapes are Amazonia soil, Malayan soil, and African soil. There is a granular type, there is also a powder type (powder).

Sand substrate has a lower price. Choose 1-3 mm of sand. Examples of sand substrates include silica sand, Malang sand, Lumajang sand, Alor sand, and so on. Meanwhile, rock and wood substrates can only grow a few plants, especially plants that can attach roots to the surface such as microsorium or anubias.


The filtration system is used to maintain good water quality and free from impurities such as fish food residue, fish waste, dead plant residues, and harmful chemicals. There are three filtration systems, namely mechanical filtration (eg using a pump), chemical filtration (with the help of Japanese mattress or cotton filters), and biological filtration (with the help of bacteria). Generally, these three systems have been combined into one unified filter product so that later filter products are known such as submersible filters, HOB filters (hang on back which hangs on the back side of the aquarium), top box filters (installed above the aquarium), UGF filters ( Under Gravel Filter mounted under the substrate), as well as advanced canister filters.

In addition to lighting and adding to the beauty of the mini aquascape, lighting or lighting systems are needed to maintain the health and growth of the flora. As a rule, you can choose lighting that is easy to adjust the brightness level and can be adjusted in position to the aquascape.

In addition to the support system, there is also a CO2 intake guard system for mini aquascape plants. As a solution, you can add fish or artificial CO2 generators such as tablets or CO2 reactors. This support system is not mandatory, especially for a simple mini aquascape.


Basic principles of aquascape design

After determining the type and before building your mini aquascape, here are some basic aquascape design principles to consider:

Minimalist design

When you are still starting to make a mini aquascape, a minimalist aquascape design concept is recommended. Simple designs like the iwagumi type aquascape are easier to implement and develop. As your skills improve, you can create a jungle or Dutch type mini aquascape.

Choose plants carefully

Each aquatic plant has a different characteristic, there are aquatic plants that grow fast or long and grow horizontally or vertically. Therefore, you need to choose aquatic plants carefully for your mini aquascape.

Understand the concept of landscape composition

Because the main thing that will be presented from the aquascape is the view, you need to pay attention to the composition of the landscape so that the results look impressive from every angle. You can divide the point of view of the mini aquascape into 3 parts: the background, the foreground, and the focus of attention such as a mini aquascape bonsai or the rocks in a mini aquascape rock. Placement of focus can follow the rules of the grid rule of thirds painting or photography, where the position of the object of focus is placed on one of the four points of the existing grid.


Aquascape maintenance

If the mini aquascape system has been functioning smoothly, there really isn't much that needs to be done for mini aquascape maintenance. You only need to clean dead plants from the aquarium, vacuum the dirt from the substrate, monitor the condition of the plants and water quality, and treat or trim the plants.


Thus a short article about 5 things you need to know before having a mini aquascape. Hopefully useful and inspiring! Find other latest articles about architecture, interior design, products, to building materials, only in Dunia Arsitek.


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